The Future of VR & AR

This website explores the immense potential of virtual and augmented reality to help you understand where the industry is going and what your business stands to gain from investing in this technology early on.

Leveraging the Power of Virtual and Augmented Reality

You’ve likely seen – or even tried out – a virtual reality (VR) headset at some point in the last few years. You’ve probably seen announcements about augmented reality (AR) capabilities that are now embedded in newer smartphones. This is because augmented, virtual, and mixed reality (MR) technologies are becoming more affordable and widespread, and the demand for the technology and people who can create it is high.

As augmented and virtual reality experiences are making their way into mainstream culture, the specific impact they will have on our lives and workplaces is becoming more and more obvious. Industries like healthcare and entertainment are already benefiting from the possibilities created by AR and VR. Statistics show that these technologies will continue to play an important role in other industries like retail, marketing, education, construction, real estate, and entertainment, among many others.

Virtual Reality (VR):

“an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment. It incorporates mainly auditory and visual feedback, but may also allow other types of sensory feedback like haptic. This immersive environment can be similar to the real world or it can be fantastical.”1

Augmented Reality (AR):

“an interactive experience of a real-world environment where the real-world is “augmented” by computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, such as visual, auditory, and haptic.”2

Mixed Reality (MR):

“the merging of both real and virtual worlds to produce new environments and visualizations where physical and digital objects co-exist and interact in real time.”3

Extended Reality (XR):

“a term referring to all real-and-virtual combined environments and human-machine interactions generated by computer technology and wearables.”4

If what DigiCapital writes is true – that

Many businesses leverage virtual and augmented reality to make their workplaces more productive and engaging. These technologies are also being improved for marketing purposes. VR and AR have the potential to provide immersive experiences that give consumers a one-of-a-kind taste of what businesses offer.

If what DigiCapital writes is true – that

VR is for games [and] AR is for everything — AR will likely more widespread application. Whatever the case, we contend that both VR and AR have a future that is worth understanding and investing in.

Industry Applications, Use Cases, and Examples

Industry Applications, Use Cases, and Examples


Market Statistics


In 2017, the consumer industry spent $6.2 billion on AR; the discrete manufacturing and retail industries each spent $1.5 billion on AR, and the process manufacturing industry spent $700 million.8


Deloitte reported that 88 percent of mid-market companies were using some form of virtual or augmented reality in their business.10


Device shipments by the end of 2018 are predicted to reach 2 million for Sony, 900k for Oculus, 600k for HTC, 150k for Microsoft, and 1 million for all remaining vendors combined.12


24 million virtual reality and augmented reality devices are expected to be sold in 2018 alone.11


IDC reports “Spending on AR/VR products and services is forecast to reach $27 billion in 2018”9


In 2018, consumers are accessing VR/AR technologies on these devices: smartphone 77%, PC or console 35%, standalone 35%.13


The global VR and AR market is predicted to attain a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 71.6% between 2017-2022.14


22.8 million AR glasses are predicted to be shipped by 2022.15


Statista predicts 100 million VR headsets worldwide in 2021.16


By 2020, sales revenue for VR gaming is predicted to reach $22.9 billion worldwide.17


The VR market is predicted to be worth $33 billion by 2022.18


The market for VR & AR technologies is predicted to reach $94.4 billion in value by 2023.19


Citi predicts a trillion dollar industry by the year 2035.20

Key Players and Technologies in the VR and AR Industries


HTC & Valve



Magic Leap





Facebook/Oculus Rift, Go, and Quest

In 2014, Facebook acquired Oculus, a VR company that focuses on making headsets and VR software for developers.21Oculus created the popular Oculus Rift and Oculus Go headsets and the upcoming Oculus Quest, the first all-in-one VR gaming system.222324

HTC and Valve Corporation HTC Vive Pro

The HTC Vive is a collaborative virtual reality system made by Valve (the creators of the Steam digital game store) and HTC (a high-end consumer electronics company). Together, they offer the standard Vive headset alongside an enhanced Vive Pro version.

Google Daydream and Cardboard

Daydream is a lightweight VR headset that is compatible with many mobile devices. Aside from enabling developers to create immersive VR experiences through YouTube videos and mobile apps, the VR headset has enabled many humanistic and educational projects, including an empathetic look at female leadership in The Female Planet, an augmented reality CPR trainer, and Ocean to Plate, an immersive documentary about the fishing industry supply chain.

HoloLens Microsoft

HoloLens is a mixed reality project by Microsoft that is geared towards enterprise use. While most AR/VR headsets require a connection to a computer, controllers, and more, the HoloLens is an all-in-one product, so the user only needs the headset.

Magic Leap Magic Leap One

Magic Leap is a startup company that makes high-quality MR headsets.44 What sets them apart from similar products is their intense focus on immersion. The device uses light fields to create AR projections directly on the wearer’s eyes, making digital artifacts extremely realistic and believable.

Samsung Gear VR

Samsung’s Gear VR, first released in 2015, is a virtual reality headset that uses a Samsung phone as the screen. Samsung first started working on the concept of a mounted headset back in 2005 and partnered with Oculus in 2014 to bring the device to life.

PlayStation PlayStation VR

Gaming has been a primary focus of early VR developers, and PlayStation is at the forefront. Their PlayStation VR system already has over 200 games that work with the PS4 system.

Mira Mira Prism

The Mira Prism is a unique AR tool that enables you to turn any smartphone into an AR device. The prism is a plastic shell to which you can attach your phone. Images from a compatible app on your phone are projected onto the prism and reflected back into your field of vision, as you look around your environment.

Meta Meta 2 AR Development Kit

Meta aims to create a comprehensive AR development kit with their Meta 2 AR headset and the accompanying Meta Workspace™ software. The company hopes to make creativity and design more immersive, as they illustrate in their concept video that demonstrates how a Nike sneaker could be designed through their AR headset.

The Current state of the Industry

It doesn’t seem like that long ago that we were hearing rumors of Google’s latest prototype – Google Glass – a pair of glasses that allowed the wearer to see digital information and programs overlayed on top of their natural surroundings. While Google Glass was an early-stage prototype that didn’t take off as expected, it paved the way for other companies to improve upon Google Glass’ mishaps.

We’ve seen the immense popularity of augmented and virtual reality in games like PokemonGo that hit worldwide adoption in record time, developer toolkits like Apple’s ARKit that was recently announced, and office AR headsets like Microsoft HoloLens that continue to be developed and expanded.

HTC partnered with Valve and together created the HTC Vive, a high-end VR system which offers one of the most advanced room-space tracking systems to-date. Google, Apple, Amazon, Microsoft, Sony, Samsung, and Intel all have internal groups devoted to AR and VR work.


In one of the largest fundraising efforts for an AR/VR startup, Magic Leap has raised 2.4B to date, with 542 million of that coming from Google.56It’s expected that the global AR and VR market size could reach $209 billion by 2022.7

The Future State of the Industry

As technology continues to advance at a rapid rate, VR and AR’s role in the way we interact with the world will grow.

For example, reaching consumers in new ways will be imperative for a variety of industries. AR and MR technologies can be used anywhere we work or play today. Any XR technologies can make distance less of a barrier, offering the ability to interact and communicate in ways that were not possible before.

Health professionals will be able to treat patients in a more personal manner and improve current practices through AR implementation; students will be able to learn in a more immersive and engaging way with VR courses.

Employees will be able to work together in more productive and natural environments that don’t confine work to a desk; and mixed reality experiences will make entertainment, news, and art more compelling for audiences.

How It Will Affect Consumers

However, there is still a “middleman” – a device that we use to access these applications. While we’ve nearly perfected this device, it still limits programs to a device’s physical hardware; programs can’t fully extend beyond the screen or integrate with our physical environment in a way that VR and AR will allow them to.

With XR, the line between the digital world and the physical one begins to blur to an even greater extent. Using this technology, businesses will be able to provide consumers with at-home experiences similar to in-person experiences. E-commerce is already widespread and the advances with AR/VR will continue to accelerate that movement.

The barrier between consumers and their devices is much smaller now than it used to be. We’ve gone from keyboard-only computers to keyboard and mouse, to touch screen interfaces. Users have the ability to interact with software directly.

How It Will Affect Businesses & Work

For the past few decades, businesses have been striving to create open spaces for office workers to improve productivity and reduce the amount of time employees spend sitting at desks.

With VR and AR, we can work in digital spaces that are completely open, utilize the natural space around us, and collaborate with others in ways that weren’t previously possible. Teams will be able to meet and work together from different parts of the world through telepresence. Resources could be made available virtually instead of physically. Product designers will be able to work with each other by visualizing projects in 3D spaces, reducing the costs of physical prototyping and easing collaboration.

Augmented reality will likely eliminate some need for context switching. For example, information can be overlaid on a screen as an employee works so that they can stay immersed in their task rather than jumping between multiple windows in a computer.

AR & MR Technologies

The core of any prediction above is that the influence of VR and AR will continue to grow, and staying on the leading edge of innovation will be advantageous for companies and industries that are prepared.

Act Early on the Potential of VR/AR

Keeping in mind that Facebook paid $2 billion for Oculus, here’s what Mark Zuckerberg said when people doubted the future of Virtual Reality:

XR related technologies offer the potential to create a seamless experience between the way we interact with computers, devices and the world around us.

I think people tend to be worried about every new technology that comes along. Critics worry that if we spend time paying attention to that new kind of media or technology instead of talking to each other [it’s] somehow isolating. But humans are fundamentally social. So I think in reality, if a technology doesn’t actually help us socially understand each other better, it isn’t going to catch on and succeed.

You could probably go all the way back to the first books. I bet people said ‘why should you read when you could talk to other people?’ The point of reading is that you get to deeply immerse yourself in a person’s perspective. Right? Same thing with newspapers or phones or TVs. Soon it will be VR, I bet.99

Humans are not only fundamentally social, but we’re also fundamentally productive and collaborative. Add to that we love to be entertained, and you can quickly see how XR technology strikes at the center of all of these natural tendencies.

Mark Zuckerberg Facebook Leading